Grading up the Dairy Cow by the Use of Pure-Bred Sires

Results From Sixteen Years of Experiment at the Dominion Experimerimental Farm, Nappan, N.S.
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s.n , S.l
SeriesCanada Dept. of Agriculture Experimental Farms Branch Bulletin -- 126
ContributionsBaird, W., Hilton, S.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL21953097M

Grading up the dairy cow by the use of pure-bred sires: results from sixteen years of experiment at the Dominion Experimental Farm, Nappan, N.S. / by W.W. Baird and S.A. Hilton.

Description Grading up the Dairy Cow by the Use of Pure-Bred Sires PDF

Ottawa: Department of Agriculture, (OCoLC) Material Type: Document, Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource. GRADINGUPTHEDAIRYCOWBY THEUSEOFPURE-BREDSIRES RESULTSFROMSIXTEENYEARSOFEXPERIMENT ATTHEDOMINIONEXPERIMENTALFARM, NAPPAN,N.S.

By ,B.S.A., SUPERINTENDENT AND S. (f) Grading up: Grading up is the practice of breeding in which the sires of the exotic breed are mated with the non-descript females and their off-spring from generation to generation. After five or six generations of grading up -a population resembling the exotic breed results.

Upgrading Of Dairy Cattle and Buffaloes: The mass of nondescript million cattle and about 95 million buffaloes in our country can be graded up by successive use of high pedigreed pure-bred bulls of exotic breeds depending upon suitability to particular area.

Selecting Dairy Cattle for Breeding In the old days a dairy farmer would size up a bull, consider the major points of confi rmation, and make his or her best guess at the type of offspring the bull would produce. Today, the farmer is more likely to look over a computer print-out called a Proof Size: KB.

Grading Up Grading up is the practice of breeding in which the sires of the exotic breed are mated with the non-descript females and their off-spring from generation to generation.

After five or six generations of grading up -a population resembling the exotic breed results. This is the breeding policy that is pursued in India. The pregnancy rate for milking cows is also 29 percent. Cows are bred to sexed semen on first service, with a conception rate of 33 percent; those that repeat receive conventional semen, with 47 percent settling on the second service.

The dairy has hit these numbers by starting cows off with a Presynch program. (Some Bullvine recommended sires to use can be found at From Fantasy To Reality – Top Sires To Address Herd Culling Problems) The Bullvine Bottom Line- “Stop “Digging in Our Heels” What is needed is an international approach to studying dairy cattle feet.

Selecting sires for use in a herd can take many approaches. In all cases, it depends on the goals of the owner. Furthermore, any bull can be both a saint and the worst sire to ever have semen frozen.

For instance, for show oriented breeders, Goldwyn is a saint, and they are still using Goldwyn semen or purchasing Goldwyn daughters or embryos. Yet for some breeders participating in The Milk. Start studying animal science genetics and breeding.

Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Search. Grading up. Purebred breeding. (straight breeding) purebred animal: is an animal of a particular breed, Has Characteristics of the breed to which it belongs, Both parents must have been purebred.

Understanding Genetics and the Sire Summaries The goal of this workbook is to give young people a basic understanding of dairy cattle genetics and how it applies to their animals. It also includes a section about the genetic evaluation system and a guide to reading and understanding the Holstein Association USA Sire Summaries.

updated March of grading Choice at a weight between lbs. Heifers -Should grade Choice between lbs. By far the cheapest method of securing a healthy and profitable herd of dairy or beef cattle is to save only the calves whose sires are pure-bred animals and whose mothers are native cows.

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In this way farmers of even little means can soon build up an excellent herd. USDA-DHIA evaluations exclude crossbred cows unless identified as part of a “grading-up” program.

Yield Traits & SCS Data Data were from the national test-day database available May, herds each with at least 5 crossbred c crossbred cows born sincepurebred herdmates (80% were Holstein) Crossbreds defined by. Dairy Farming: The Beautiful Way is been more than helpful in getting my dairy cows off to a healthy start.

I have read Adam J. Klaus's book cover to cover several times and there are explanations as to why you do things certain ways. I have learned the healthy way to raise and take care of my cows and to start making dairy/cheese products.

Black Pied Dairy Cattle of East Germany Background of Creating a New Breed by Crossbreeding. During the late s and early s in East Germany, a simple grading up of SR with HF sires, as done at that time in West Germany, was not considered the optimal breeding by: The Stud Book maintains a pedigree herd register and a grading up register for all breeds of cattle, sheep, goats, pig and camel.

It has responsibility of maintaining a database of “births, deaths and marriages of Kenya’s livestock population”, Its other mandates are Setting up of livestock registration rules in liaison with breed. Summary: This January 1st article provided information about traits to look for when developing a grazing cow, including fertility, longevity and the preferred size and breed of the asked LIC USA's Phil Wicks, author of this article, to provide a video interview, describing steps to take when building the ideal grazing : Phil Wicks.

DAIRY COW UNIFIED SCORECARD Breed characteristics should be considered in the application of this scorecard. MAJOR TRAIT DESCRIPTIONS There are four major breakdowns on which to base a cow’s evaluation. Each trait is broken down into body parts to be considered and ranked.

Rump (5 points): Should be long and wide throughout. Pin bones should. The Jersey breed production average is 15, pounds milk, pounds fat, and pounds protein. Jersey milk has the highest concentration of milk solids – including protein – among the other major dairy breeds. The high milk solids level means a more.

How To Read An. Official Holstein Pedigree. A trusted source for accurate. genetic information. Official Holstein Pedigrees combine ancestry, performance and genetic information all into one easy-to-use document. Whether you are making mating decisions or trying to decide which sale animal might have a place on your operation,File Size: 2MB.

prime cattle Page 12 Grading cull cows Contents Improved beef production can bring better returns to the dairy sector. For many herds the focus must be on rearing the best calves from the best cows as replacements. However, using beef bulls – either through AI or a stock bull – on other cows presents an opportunity to seriously increase File Size: 1MB.

Kenya is a home to a wide range of cattle genotypes. Within the East and Central Africa region, Kenya has the highest number of exotic dairy cattle.

As for indigenous breeds, Kenya also ranks high with Ethiopia and Sudan topping the list of African countries with the highest population of indigenous cattle.

StrataGEN is a new concept developed by Select Sires for mating cows in large commecial dairy enterprises. If utilized properly, StrataGEN provides a simple system for effectively mating commercial dairy cows while maintaining an acceptable level of or even reducing the herd's inbreeding levels.

The best heifers and cows for you to start with are those which are quiet in temperament and which have some evidence of dairy blood. If there are none of these, start with quiet local animals with a history of successful breeding, and use a dairy bull over them to produce upgraded offspring.

Figure 6. This is a good type of dairy cow. Select the Dairy Cattle Breed you would like to know about from the list below. You can also select/change the breed you are viewing using the drop-down list in the header above.

Apologies if we are missing information on a specific breed. If you have information on a breed not listed please contact us and we will aim to add that breed to the list. Economic Merit of Crossbred and Purebred US Dairy Cattle P.

VanRaden and A. Sanders Holsteins. Thus, “grading up” to Holstein was not the reason for producing most of these crossbred animals. parents were not needed because all sires were pure-bred. With this second model, separate solutions for the Cited by: Europe, and combinations of beef and dairy breeds.

Dual Purpose breeds are used only for beef in the United States. They are the other part of “exotics.” Dairy: originating in western Europe and selected in the United States for dairy purposes only, with beef pro-duction as a byproduct. Bos Indicus:of pure or very high-percentage Bos indi-File Size: KB.

Economic Merit of Crossbred and Purebred US Dairy Cattle P. VanRaden and A. Sanders Holsteins. Thus, “grading up” to Holstein was not the reason for producing most of these crossbred animals. parents were not needed because all sires were issecondmodel,separatesolutionsforthe.

Good udders and decently high milk production.

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Heavier muscled than most of the other British breeds. No grading up. Sound udder means held up tight and right size and shape of teats.

Has increased milk so much it is almost a detriment to the breed can milk higher than Simmis now. Some people have crossed with dairy cows to milk daughters. If the bull successfully sires calves over the 6 years the break even value or the price you should be willing to spend on the bull is $4, which results in a cost of $ per calf.

The treatment protocol that utilizes GnRH and prostaglandin for fixed-time AI in dairy cattle was first referred to as Ovsynch. Use of Artificial. The first of these is ‘grading up’ from one breed to another. This has rather limited opportunity other than for those who are establishing new breeds of cattle.

The other two reasons are to combine the attributes of two or more breeds to produce an end product that fits market requirements and/or to take advantage of heterosis (hybrid vigour).Monsanto Company estimates a figure of about million of 9 million dairy cows are being treated with bST, or about 17% of cows nationally.

Greater use of three-times-per-day milking: In a study performed in Florida between and using Holstein lactation records from eight herds, 48% of cows were milked three times a day.